Thursday, February 11, 2010

Passion for Justice by Pompeyo Diaz (former Philippine Justice)

I wish to share a truly inspirational and thought provoking speech given by Justice Pompeyo Diaz to a graduating batch of lawyers, which my former legal studies and insurance claims professor, Atty. Rodolfo Lat, was part of.

PASSION FOR JUSTICE by Pompeyo Diaz

We are not here to celebrate the successful ending of your course in the law. We are here to send you on your way because from here, you will commence your profession in the law. We hold these commencement exercises, therefore, to say good-bye to you and to wish you well on your journey.
The closer a man approaches the sunset of his years, the more often his mind returns to the remembrance of things past. For to every man, if he lives long enough, there comes a point in life when he realizes, not without sadness, that there may no longer be time to climb new mountains. And that is when dreams begin to yield memories as if reliving the past can somehow fill the void left by the flight of dreams.
It is more than fifty years since I sat where you sit now, an acolyte at the altar of the law. But the lengthening shadows of life only make the recollection of it as fresh and clear as if it were only yesterday.
I was given the privilege of addressing you one last time. I will do so, no longer as your teacher, but as a friend. But let me take a vantage point from which I can speak with some candor. As your own sun is rising in the east, mine has long since passed the point of high noon, and in the gathering dusk, I see you within the perspective of time. There are landmarks which I have beheld but which are still hidden from you[r] view.
Some forty years ago, I took my oath of office as a Judge of the Court of First Instance for the Province of Rizal in the chambers of a Justice of the Supreme Court. This was for my first appointment to the bench. You know I had several. It was an occasion for deep pride in my family especially when the appointee was hardly thirty-five years of age and the Justice administering the oath to him happened to [b]e his own father.
After the oath-taking, my father took me in his own car and drove me to the courthouse in Pasig. He led me into the building, up the stairs to the second, and walked with me to the door of the sala which would now be mine. He stood by the door and let me enter alone. I did, and I went straight to my desk. There I saw a piece of paper upon which were written in Latin, in my father's own handwriting, those awesome words which must have shaken the walls of the Senate of ancient Rome: Let Justice be done, though the heavens fall!
In a lifetime devoted to the study of the law, these words still do not fail to stir in me emotions which should have long since been spent, memories which should have long since been put to sleep, questions which should have long since been laid aside. What is the law? What is the truth? What is justice?
What is justice? It is to render to each man what is his due. What is the truth? It is that which you seek, and keep on seeking, so that you may render to each man what is his due. What is the law? It is the instrument by which you discover that which you have been seeking so that you may render to each man what is his due.
The answers seem such simple directive for everyone to follow. The reality, however, is different. For, the law may be twisted to hide the truth in the same way that the truth may be distorted to ridicule justice. There are men in any society who are so self-serving that they try to make the law serve their selfish ends. In this group of men, the most dangerous is the man of the law who has no conscience. He has, in the arsenal of his knowledge, the very tools with which he can poison and disrupt society and bring it to an ignoble end. Against such a man, you must be fearless and indomitable, since to grant him victory is to deny yourselves to sanctity of your oath and the grandeur of your vision.
Such men I have met in my lifetime, both in the courtroom and outside it. Society's declared protection against such predators is the court of law before which all men are presume to stand equal, whether mighty or weak. The integrity of the court is the foundation upon which a just society is established.
Without this integrity, the vicissitudes of history will blow society towards the treacherous reefs of destruction and suck it into the whirlpool of oblivion.
A man of the law with a conscience, on the other hand, is the means by which a nation fashions for itself a just, orderly and civilized society, where the least of its citizens can stand proud in his human dignity, and where justice is the yardstick by which the citizen measures himself in his relationship with others and with his God.
Yet, a man of the law should have more than just a conscience. Conscience, too, can be dulled by exigencies in one's life. He may just seek a livelihood from the law. Then, no matter how financially successful he becomes, and no matter how much expertise he acquires in the law and its practice, he remains no more than a craftsman. He rises no higher than the humble plumber or mechanic from whom we expect nothing beyond an honest day's work and an honest charge for work performed, and to whom we would not dream of looking for leadership, guidance, and inspiration. He reduces law to a trade and himself to a mere huckster of legal skills.
What a man of the law should posses[s] is a passion for the truth, a passion for justice. This passion should be of such a magnitude as to give him the power to stand firm when those around him seem to be going mad. It should be of such solidity as to grant him the strength to stand along when all else is turning into dust. It should be of such perseverance as to infuse him with a loneliness that only those who have a vision can endure. It is a passion to keep alive that eternal challenge that justice must be done whatever be the cost.
You are not only men of the law. You are men of vision. Underlying all that you have learned here at the [] is the never-ending theme of passion for the truth, of passion for justice. You vision is forge[d] here, and that vision is what makes you unique among your peers. You do not know yet what life has in store for you, but never sacrifice your vision on the altar of expediency. For without this vision, you shall become hollow inside, you shall become men without souls preying on the innocence and helplessness of your fellowmen. You shall become the unscrupulous auctioneers of history whose honor is on the block, ready to go to the highest bidder.
On the other hand, if truly you remain faithful to your vision, then you are boon to society. You will gaze without favor upon your fellowmen, sifting through facts to arrive at the truth, seeking truth to render justice. The mighty and the weak shall stand naked before you, for they shall draw strength from your knowledge of the law and from your commitment to the truth. Then [and] only then, shall justice truly prevail and upon this earth will shine a piece of heaven. For, what is justice but an attribute of God Himself?
Walk firm, therefore, and walk with courage, upon [t]his path you have chosen. Let your vision guide you. The law is a noble profession, and it is professed by noble men. See to it that you earn that nobility by acting as your fellowman's shield and protector against injustice and oppression.
As future lawyers, you have your tasks cut out for you. You need have no fear that they will prove too much for you if, in taking them up, you hear always in mind that doubt is the beginning of wisdom, that humility is the grace of the wise, that compassion is the virtue of the strong and, above all, that reason is the life of the law, and that the service of justice, which is nothing more than the search for the truth, is one of man's noblest achievements.
Farewell! May you always, in your quest for a better world, walk in the shadow of Him who gave you life and honor.

(Address delivered at Commencement Exercises, March 25, 1981)

I find absolute relevance in the paper of Justice Pompeyo Dias in today's environment when he spoke of the need for a passion for justice, especially when referring to those who have been empowered by the knowledge of the law. It has been said that ignorance of the law excuses no one and I feel that one of the most tragic realities of today is the disregard by the most learned of men in promoting and upholding justice in our society. While most of the populace in our country go on with their lives without having to explore the details and intricacies of the law, some who have familiarized themselves with the legal system act to sow discord and chaos in order to conceal the truth from those who are in search of it. Whether these legal pundits and educated individuals act as accomplices to those who would break the rule of law or those who would choose to acquiesce and leave society vulnerable to corruption and perversion, those who have gained power through knowledge and yet put-off their responsibilities to the welfare and dignity of human society truly lack the passion for justice. I believe that life, if not the operations of the Universe, is an on-going struggle between order and chaos. And though my beliefs graze the ethereal, humanity as creatures created in the image and likeness of God are accountable to their existence, if not to their Creator, to instill some sense of structure and order to their civilization. As Justice Pompeyo Dias had put it, truth and justice are attributes of God. Along the lines of his speech, he recalled how his father left him a note telling him to "Let justice be done, though the heavens fall." This statement also struck me as being the outline of the philosophy that all men educated in the law should live by; that though today's Philippine society has undeniably been afflicted by corruption, apathy and unaccountability, all are enjoined to make a stand to promote justice, seek-out the truth and uphold the rule of law. And against all odds, even if one finds himself alone against the horde of the unjust, he can draw from his passion for justice the strength to seek out the truth through the law becuase the truth indeed will set us free.

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